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        100個英語長句、難句結構分析與參考譯文(1)

        發布時間: 2023-12-05 09:36:01   作者:etogether.net   來源: 網絡   瀏覽次數:
        摘要: 100個英語長句、難句結構分析與參考譯文,例如,另一方面,如果大量制造某種商品導致其成本下降,那么這就有可能增加賣方和制...


        1. The American economic system is, organized around a basically private-enterprise, market- oriented economy in which consumers largely determine what shall be produced by spending their money in the marketplace for those goods and services that they want most. 

        [參考譯文] 美國的經濟是以基本的私有企業和市場導向經濟為架構的,在這種經濟中,消費者很大程度上通過在市場上為那些他們最想要的貨品和服務付費來決定什么應該被制造出來。


        2. Thus, in the American economic system it is the demand of individual consumers, coupled with the desire of businessmen to maximize profits and the desire of individuals to maximize their incomes, that together determine what shall be produced and how resources are used to produce it. 

        [參考譯文] 因此,在美國的經濟體系中,個體消費者的需求與商人試圖最大化其利潤的欲望和個人想最大化其收入效用的欲望相結合,一起決定了什么應該被制造,以及資源如何被用來制造它們。


        3. If, on the other hand, producing more of a commodity results in reducing its cost, this will tend to increase the supply offered by seller-producers, which in turn will lower the price and permit more consumers to buy the product. 

        [參考譯文] 另一方面,如果大量制造某種商品導致其成本下降,那么這就有可能增加賣方和制造商能提供的供給,而這也就會反過來降低價格并允許更多的消 費者購買產品。


        4. In the American economy, the concept of private property embraces not only the ownership of productive resources but also certain rights, including the right to determine the price of a product or to make a free contract with another private individual. 

        [參考譯文] 在美國經濟中,私有財產的概念不僅包含對生產資源的所有權,也指其他一些特定的權利,如確定一個產品價格和與另一個私人個體(經濟單位) 自由簽定合同的權利。


        5. At the same time these computers record which hours are busiest and which employers are the most efficient, allowing personnel and staffing assignments to be made accordingly. And they also identify preferred customers for promotional campaigns. 

        [參考譯文] 同時這些計算機記錄下哪些時間是最忙的,哪些員工工作效率最高,這樣就能相應地做出人員人事安排。而且它們(計算機)也能為促銷活動找到那些擁有優先權的顧客。


        6. Numerous other commercial enterprises, from theaters to magazine publishers, from gas and electric utilities to milk processors, bring better and more efficient services to consumers through the use of computers. 

        [參考譯文] 不計其數的其他商業企業,從劇院到雜志出版商,從公用燃氣電力設施到牛奶處理廠,都通過計算機的使用給消費者帶來更好、更有效率的服務。


        7. Exceptional children are different in some significant way from others of the same age For these children to develop to their full adult potential, their education must be adapted to those differences. 

        [參考譯文] 殘疾兒童在許多關鍵方面都與其同齡人不同。為了讓這些孩子發展其全部的成人后的潛能,他們的教育必須適應這些不同。,


        8. The great interest in exceptional children shown in public education over the past three decades indicates the strong feeling in our society that all citizens, whatever their special conditions, deserve the opportunity to fully develop their capabilities. 

        [參考譯文] 在過去的30年中,公共教育中顯示的對殘疾兒童的巨大關注表明了我們社會中的一種中強烈的情緒,那就是所有的公民,不管其情況有多特殊,都應享有充分發展其能力的機會。


        9. It serves directly to assist a rapid distribution of goods at reasonable price, thereby establishing a firm home market and so making it possible to provide for export at competitive prices. 

        [參考譯文] 它(廣告)能夠直接幫助貨物以比較合理的價格被迅速分銷出去,因此可以(使公司)建立一個堅固的國內市場,同時也使以具有競爭力的價格提供出口變得可能。


        10. Apart from the fact that twenty-seven acts of Parliament govern the terms of advertising, no regular advertiser dare promote a product that fails to live up to the promise of his advertisements. 

        [參考譯文] 除去議會有27件法案來規范廣告的條件,沒有任何一個正式的廣告商敢于推銷一種商品卻不能兌現其在廣告中的承諾。


        11. If its message were confined merely to information and that in itself would be difficult if not impossible to achieve, for even a detail such as the choice of the color of a shirt is subtly persuasive-advertising wound be so boring that no one wound pay any attention. 

        [參考譯文] 如果其信息只被局限于告知一一就廣告而言,如果這不是完全不可能達到的,也是非常難做的,因為即便是一個諸如襯衫的顏色的選擇這樣的細節都會具有微妙的說服意味,那么廣告就會如此地乏味以至于沒有人 會關注它。


        12. The workers who gets a promotion, the student whose grades improve, the foreigner who learns a new language-all these are examples of people who have measurable results to show for there efforts. 

        [參考譯文] 得到了升遷的工人們,成績進步的學生,學會了一門新語言的外國人一 一這些都是那些有可衡量的結果宋顯示其努力的人們的例證。


        13. As families move away from their stable community, their friends of many years, their extended family relationships, the informal flow of information is cut off, and with it the confidence that information will be available when needed and will be trustworthy and reliable. 

        [參考譯文] 隨著家庭離開他們原來穩定的社區,離開他們多年的朋友和擴展的家庭關系,非正式的信息流動被切斷了,隨之而去的是對在需要時能獲得可靠和值得信賴的信息的信心。


        14. The individual now has more information available than any generation, and the task of finding that one piece of information relevant to his or her specific problem is complicated, time--consuming, and sometimes even overwhelming. 

        [參考譯文] 現在每個人能夠得到的信息比任何時代的人都多,而找到與他/她的特定問題相關的那一點信息的任務不僅復雜、耗時,有時甚至令人難以招 。


        15. Expertise can be shared world wide through teleconferencing, and problems in dispute can be settled without the participants leaving their homes and/or jobs to travel to a distant conference site. 

        [參考譯文] 通過遠程會議,專家知識可以在全世界范圍內被分享,而爭論的問題能夠得到解決,同時相關人員也不必離開他們的家庭或工作跑到一個遙遠的開會地點。


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